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PHILOSOPHICAL
LITERARY
JOURNAL
ISSN 0869-5377
The Logos Journal

Philosophy as Science and as Weltanschauung: on the Problem of Pacifism in German and Russian Neo-Kantianism


Author:

About author:
Nina Dmitrieva is a historian of philosophy, a professor of Philosophy at the Moscow State Pedagogical University, co-editor of the magazine of science and social crisitism ‘Scepsis’ (Moscow). She is the author of many articles, archive publications and translations on Russian and German Neo-Kantianism, on the intellectual history of the end of the 19th—beginning of 20th century. Books: ‘Boris Aleksandrovitch Focht: on the History of the Russian Neo-Kantianism’ (Moscow 1999), and ‘Russian Neo-Kantianism: “Marburg” in Russia. Historical-philosophical studies’ (Moscow 2007).

Author: Dmitrieva Nina

About author:
Nina Dmitrieva is a historian of philosophy, a professor of Philosophy at the Moscow State Pedagogical University, co-editor of the magazine of science and social crisitism ‘Scepsis’ (Moscow). She is the author of many articles, archive publications and translations on Russian and German Neo-Kantianism, on the intellectual history of the end of the 19th—beginning of 20th century. Books: ‘Boris Aleksandrovitch Focht: on the History of the Russian Neo-Kantianism’ (Moscow 1999), and ‘Russian Neo-Kantianism: “Marburg” in Russia. Historical-philosophical studies’ (Moscow 2007).

Author: Dmitrieva Nina

About author:
Nina Dmitrieva is a historian of philosophy, a professor of Philosophy at the Moscow State Pedagogical University, co-editor of the magazine of science and social crisitism ‘Scepsis’ (Moscow). She is the author of many articles, archive publications and translations on Russian and German Neo-Kantianism, on the intellectual history of the end of the 19th—beginning of 20th century. Books: ‘Boris Aleksandrovitch Focht: on the History of the Russian Neo-Kantianism’ (Moscow 1999), and ‘Russian Neo-Kantianism: “Marburg” in Russia. Historical-philosophical studies’ (Moscow 2007).

Author: Dmitrieva Nina

About author:
Nina Dmitrieva is a historian of philosophy, a professor of Philosophy at the Moscow State Pedagogical University, co-editor of the magazine of science and social crisitism ‘Scepsis’ (Moscow). She is the author of many articles, archive publications and translations on Russian and German Neo-Kantianism, on the intellectual history of the end of the 19th—beginning of 20th century. Books: ‘Boris Aleksandrovitch Focht: on the History of the Russian Neo-Kantianism’ (Moscow 1999), and ‘Russian Neo-Kantianism: “Marburg” in Russia. Historical-philosophical studies’ (Moscow 2007).

Author: Dmitrieva Nina

About author:
Nina Dmitrieva is a historian of philosophy, a professor of Philosophy at the Moscow State Pedagogical University, co-editor of the magazine of science and social crisitism ‘Scepsis’ (Moscow). She is the author of many articles, archive publications and translations on Russian and German Neo-Kantianism, on the intellectual history of the end of the 19th—beginning of 20th century. Books: ‘Boris Aleksandrovitch Focht: on the History of the Russian Neo-Kantianism’ (Moscow 1999), and ‘Russian Neo-Kantianism: “Marburg” in Russia. Historical-philosophical studies’ (Moscow 2007).

Author: Dmitrieva Nina

About author:
Nina Dmitrieva is a historian of philosophy, a professor of Philosophy at the Moscow State Pedagogical University, co-editor of the magazine of science and social crisitism ‘Scepsis’ (Moscow). She is the author of many articles, archive publications and translations on Russian and German Neo-Kantianism, on the intellectual history of the end of the 19th—beginning of 20th century. Books: ‘Boris Aleksandrovitch Focht: on the History of the Russian Neo-Kantianism’ (Moscow 1999), and ‘Russian Neo-Kantianism: “Marburg” in Russia. Historical-philosophical studies’ (Moscow 2007).

Author: Dmitrieva Nina

About author:
Nina Dmitrieva is a historian of philosophy, a professor of Philosophy at the Moscow State Pedagogical University, co-editor of the magazine of science and social crisitism ‘Scepsis’ (Moscow). She is the author of many articles, archive publications and translations on Russian and German Neo-Kantianism, on the intellectual history of the end of the 19th—beginning of 20th century. Books: ‘Boris Aleksandrovitch Focht: on the History of the Russian Neo-Kantianism’ (Moscow 1999), and ‘Russian Neo-Kantianism: “Marburg” in Russia. Historical-philosophical studies’ (Moscow 2007).

Author: Dmitrieva Nina

About author:
Nina Dmitrieva is a historian of philosophy, a professor of Philosophy at the Moscow State Pedagogical University, co-editor of the magazine of science and social crisitism ‘Scepsis’ (Moscow). She is the author of many articles, archive publications and translations on Russian and German Neo-Kantianism, on the intellectual history of the end of the 19th—beginning of 20th century. Books: ‘Boris Aleksandrovitch Focht: on the History of the Russian Neo-Kantianism’ (Moscow 1999), and ‘Russian Neo-Kantianism: “Marburg” in Russia. Historical-philosophical studies’ (Moscow 2007).

Author: Dmitrieva Nina

About author:
Nina Dmitrieva is a historian of philosophy, a professor of Philosophy at the Moscow State Pedagogical University, co-editor of the magazine of science and social crisitism ‘Scepsis’ (Moscow). She is the author of many articles, archive publications and translations on Russian and German Neo-Kantianism, on the intellectual history of the end of the 19th—beginning of 20th century. Books: ‘Boris Aleksandrovitch Focht: on the History of the Russian Neo-Kantianism’ (Moscow 1999), and ‘Russian Neo-Kantianism: “Marburg” in Russia. Historical-philosophical studies’ (Moscow 2007).

Author: Dmitrieva Nina

About author:
Nina Dmitrieva is a historian of philosophy, a professor of Philosophy at the Moscow State Pedagogical University, co-editor of the magazine of science and social crisitism ‘Scepsis’ (Moscow). She is the author of many articles, archive publications and translations on Russian and German Neo-Kantianism, on the intellectual history of the end of the 19th—beginning of 20th century. Books: ‘Boris Aleksandrovitch Focht: on the History of the Russian Neo-Kantianism’ (Moscow 1999), and ‘Russian Neo-Kantianism: “Marburg” in Russia. Historical-philosophical studies’ (Moscow 2007).

Author: Dmitrieva Nina

About author:
Nina Dmitrieva is a historian of philosophy, a professor of Philosophy at the Moscow State Pedagogical University, co-editor of the magazine of science and social crisitism ‘Scepsis’ (Moscow). She is the author of many articles, archive publications and translations on Russian and German Neo-Kantianism, on the intellectual history of the end of the 19th—beginning of 20th century. Books: ‘Boris Aleksandrovitch Focht: on the History of the Russian Neo-Kantianism’ (Moscow 1999), and ‘Russian Neo-Kantianism: “Marburg” in Russia. Historical-philosophical studies’ (Moscow 2007).

Author: Dmitrieva Nina

About author:
Nina Dmitrieva is a historian of philosophy, a professor of Philosophy at the Moscow State Pedagogical University, co-editor of the magazine of science and social crisitism ‘Scepsis’ (Moscow). She is the author of many articles, archive publications and translations on Russian and German Neo-Kantianism, on the intellectual history of the end of the 19th—beginning of 20th century. Books: ‘Boris Aleksandrovitch Focht: on the History of the Russian Neo-Kantianism’ (Moscow 1999), and ‘Russian Neo-Kantianism: “Marburg” in Russia. Historical-philosophical studies’ (Moscow 2007).

Author: Dmitrieva Nina

About author:
Nina Dmitrieva is a historian of philosophy, a professor of Philosophy at the Moscow State Pedagogical University, co-editor of the magazine of science and social crisitism ‘Scepsis’ (Moscow). She is the author of many articles, archive publications and translations on Russian and German Neo-Kantianism, on the intellectual history of the end of the 19th—beginning of 20th century. Books: ‘Boris Aleksandrovitch Focht: on the History of the Russian Neo-Kantianism’ (Moscow 1999), and ‘Russian Neo-Kantianism: “Marburg” in Russia. Historical-philosophical studies’ (Moscow 2007).

Author: Dmitrieva Nina

About author:
Nina Dmitrieva is a historian of philosophy, a professor of Philosophy at the Moscow State Pedagogical University, co-editor of the magazine of science and social crisitism ‘Scepsis’ (Moscow). She is the author of many articles, archive publications and translations on Russian and German Neo-Kantianism, on the intellectual history of the end of the 19th—beginning of 20th century. Books: ‘Boris Aleksandrovitch Focht: on the History of the Russian Neo-Kantianism’ (Moscow 1999), and ‘Russian Neo-Kantianism: “Marburg” in Russia. Historical-philosophical studies’ (Moscow 2007).

Author: Dmitrieva Nina

About author:
Nina Dmitrieva is a historian of philosophy, a professor of Philosophy at the Moscow State Pedagogical University, co-editor of the magazine of science and social crisitism ‘Scepsis’ (Moscow). She is the author of many articles, archive publications and translations on Russian and German Neo-Kantianism, on the intellectual history of the end of the 19th—beginning of 20th century. Books: ‘Boris Aleksandrovitch Focht: on the History of the Russian Neo-Kantianism’ (Moscow 1999), and ‘Russian Neo-Kantianism: “Marburg” in Russia. Historical-philosophical studies’ (Moscow 2007).

Author: Dmitrieva Nina

About author:
Nina Dmitrieva is a historian of philosophy, a professor of Philosophy at the Moscow State Pedagogical University, co-editor of the magazine of science and social crisitism ‘Scepsis’ (Moscow). She is the author of many articles, archive publications and translations on Russian and German Neo-Kantianism, on the intellectual history of the end of the 19th—beginning of 20th century. Books: ‘Boris Aleksandrovitch Focht: on the History of the Russian Neo-Kantianism’ (Moscow 1999), and ‘Russian Neo-Kantianism: “Marburg” in Russia. Historical-philosophical studies’ (Moscow 2007).

Author: Dmitrieva Nina

About author:
Nina Dmitrieva is a historian of philosophy, a professor of Philosophy at the Moscow State Pedagogical University, co-editor of the magazine of science and social crisitism ‘Scepsis’ (Moscow). She is the author of many articles, archive publications and translations on Russian and German Neo-Kantianism, on the intellectual history of the end of the 19th—beginning of 20th century. Books: ‘Boris Aleksandrovitch Focht: on the History of the Russian Neo-Kantianism’ (Moscow 1999), and ‘Russian Neo-Kantianism: “Marburg” in Russia. Historical-philosophical studies’ (Moscow 2007).

Author: Dmitrieva Nina

About author:
Nina Dmitrieva is a historian of philosophy, a professor of Philosophy at the Moscow State Pedagogical University, co-editor of the magazine of science and social crisitism ‘Scepsis’ (Moscow). She is the author of many articles, archive publications and translations on Russian and German Neo-Kantianism, on the intellectual history of the end of the 19th—beginning of 20th century. Books: ‘Boris Aleksandrovitch Focht: on the History of the Russian Neo-Kantianism’ (Moscow 1999), and ‘Russian Neo-Kantianism: “Marburg” in Russia. Historical-philosophical studies’ (Moscow 2007).

Author: Dmitrieva Nina

About author:
Nina Dmitrieva is a historian of philosophy, a professor of Philosophy at the Moscow State Pedagogical University, co-editor of the magazine of science and social crisitism ‘Scepsis’ (Moscow). She is the author of many articles, archive publications and translations on Russian and German Neo-Kantianism, on the intellectual history of the end of the 19th—beginning of 20th century. Books: ‘Boris Aleksandrovitch Focht: on the History of the Russian Neo-Kantianism’ (Moscow 1999), and ‘Russian Neo-Kantianism: “Marburg” in Russia. Historical-philosophical studies’ (Moscow 2007).

Author: Dmitrieva Nina

About author:
Nina Dmitrieva is a historian of philosophy, a professor of Philosophy at the Moscow State Pedagogical University, co-editor of the magazine of science and social crisitism ‘Scepsis’ (Moscow). She is the author of many articles, archive publications and translations on Russian and German Neo-Kantianism, on the intellectual history of the end of the 19th—beginning of 20th century. Books: ‘Boris Aleksandrovitch Focht: on the History of the Russian Neo-Kantianism’ (Moscow 1999), and ‘Russian Neo-Kantianism: “Marburg” in Russia. Historical-philosophical studies’ (Moscow 2007).

Author: Dmitrieva Nina

About author:
Nina Dmitrieva is a historian of philosophy, a professor of Philosophy at the Moscow State Pedagogical University, co-editor of the magazine of science and social crisitism ‘Scepsis’ (Moscow). She is the author of many articles, archive publications and translations on Russian and German Neo-Kantianism, on the intellectual history of the end of the 19th—beginning of 20th century. Books: ‘Boris Aleksandrovitch Focht: on the History of the Russian Neo-Kantianism’ (Moscow 1999), and ‘Russian Neo-Kantianism: “Marburg” in Russia. Historical-philosophical studies’ (Moscow 2007).

Author: Dmitrieva Nina

About author:
Nina Dmitrieva is a historian of philosophy, a professor of Philosophy at the Moscow State Pedagogical University, co-editor of the magazine of science and social crisitism ‘Scepsis’ (Moscow). She is the author of many articles, archive publications and translations on Russian and German Neo-Kantianism, on the intellectual history of the end of the 19th—beginning of 20th century. Books: ‘Boris Aleksandrovitch Focht: on the History of the Russian Neo-Kantianism’ (Moscow 1999), and ‘Russian Neo-Kantianism: “Marburg” in Russia. Historical-philosophical studies’ (Moscow 2007).

Author: Dmitrieva Nina

About author:
Nina Dmitrieva is a historian of philosophy, a professor of Philosophy at the Moscow State Pedagogical University, co-editor of the magazine of science and social crisitism ‘Scepsis’ (Moscow). She is the author of many articles, archive publications and translations on Russian and German Neo-Kantianism, on the intellectual history of the end of the 19th—beginning of 20th century. Books: ‘Boris Aleksandrovitch Focht: on the History of the Russian Neo-Kantianism’ (Moscow 1999), and ‘Russian Neo-Kantianism: “Marburg” in Russia. Historical-philosophical studies’ (Moscow 2007).

Author: Dmitrieva Nina

About author:
Nina Dmitrieva is a historian of philosophy, a professor of Philosophy at the Moscow State Pedagogical University, co-editor of the magazine of science and social crisitism ‘Scepsis’ (Moscow). She is the author of many articles, archive publications and translations on Russian and German Neo-Kantianism, on the intellectual history of the end of the 19th—beginning of 20th century. Books: ‘Boris Aleksandrovitch Focht: on the History of the Russian Neo-Kantianism’ (Moscow 1999), and ‘Russian Neo-Kantianism: “Marburg” in Russia. Historical-philosophical studies’ (Moscow 2007).

Annotation:
The paper focuses on the features of the reception of Neo-Kantianism in Russia and on one of the cases of a ‘reciprocal influence’ from the Russian thought, in particular the doctrine of L. Tolstoy on intellectual development in Germany on the eve of and during the First World War. The Russian Neo-Kantians conceived their public and scientific mission in Russia in the view of ‘belated’ Enlightenment. Therefore they were confronted with two tasks. One was the scientific determination of the proper subject of philosophy, the other was the secularization of philosophical knowledge. In German Neo-Kantianism the first task was solved. The other took more and more importance at the beginning of 1910s and became acute during the First World War. There is an obvious impact on the public statements of H. Cohen and P. Natorp concerning their efforts to justify the current war. The Russian Neo-Kantian and the follower of Tolstoy O. P. Buek advocated the ideas of pacifism that attraced and inspired prominent figures such as Georg F. Nikolai and Albert Einstein.

Keywords: German and Russian Neo-Kantianism, philosophical enlightenment, ethical socialism, the doctrine of Leo Tolstoy, pacifism, ‘eternal peace’.

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