Author: Andreeva Ekaterina
Chair, Supervisory Board, firstname.lastname@example.org.
New Academy of Fine Arts, 10 Pushkina str., 191040, St. Petersburg, Russia.
Work and the Smoke Break in the Art of the USSR from the 1940s Through the Early 1960s / Logos. 2019. № 1 (128). P. 233-242
annotation: The article outlines changes in the representation of labor in Soviet art, primarily
painting, from the 1940s through the early 1960s. The author argues that during
the final formulation of Stalin’s Socialist Realism in the 1940s, the ideology associated
with labor in Soviet art changed. Labor was interpreted no longer in terms of
effort, achievement and similar activist categories, but rather in terms of relief from
work or the “smoke break” — a slang term for a pause in work equivalent to the English
“coffee break,” a respite or time out. During Khrushchev’s subsequent cultural
reforms, the heroism of labor no longer appeared in Soviet art. It was replaced by the
notion that labor is “enduring.”
Keywords: socialist realism; art policy; representation of work and smoke break.